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Hannibal: Biography & Carthaginian General

Twenty-two centuries ago at this time there lived a man named Hannibal, the son of Hamilcar Barca a Carthaginian. Hamilcar was a general in the Carthaginian military in the first Punic War. After the defeat of Carthage in the particular first Punic War, Hamilcar made Hannibal swear “eternal enmity” to Rome. Within 228 b. c. Hasdrubal, Hannibal`s brother-in-law, succeeded Hamilcar and became commander.

This meant that not only was the leader of the military but also the particular political leader as nicely. In 221 b. c. Hasdrubal was assassinated in addition to Hannibal became commander in Spain. Hannibal was only more than 20 years older when he was place in command of the Carthaginian armies and the Carthaginian government vacation. Even in a young age this individual knew his responsibilities, as a result he kept his father’s plan of military conquest and his brother-in-law`s policy of strengthening Carthaginian strength by democracy.

He married a Spanish queen and took hostages coming from the surrounding tribes to be able to ensure their loyalty in order to him. As an outcome of this he broadened the Carthaginian power in the direction of the Ebro river, which was the written upper boundary of Carthage simply by the Rome treaty associated with 226. Rome attacked Saguntum, a city close to be able to but clearly on the Carthaginian side in the edge. This provoked Hannibal in order to take back Saguntum. The romans considered this a great act of war. As a result in 218 b. c. Rome declared war upon Carthage. This begins the particular second Punic War. Right after hearing the declaration regarding war Hannibal immediately begins off towards Rome. Typically the problem was he had to go by land because Rome controlled the seas. Hannibal takes an army regarding thirty-five to forty thousands of men, some on feet and others on horses, along with fifty battle elephants across the Pyrenees and the Alps inside August of 218. Bad luck falls into Hannibal’s panel as early snows in addition to landslides kill many of his men and nearly all of his war elephants.

While traveling via the Alps he arguements battles at Arausio plus Genua, easily defeating the particular Roman warriors, although his troops have been in horrible shape. He enters Italy along with only twenty-six thousand males and five or 6 war elephants in September 218. Hannibal and his troops spent the winter season in Po Valley. In the spring of 217 b. c. Hannibal had been joined by the Gauls, northern Italians who were subdued into fighting typically the Romans. Now Hannibal experienced a sufficient army of infantry and cavalry. The hardened Carthaginian troops quickly crushed the Roman soldires in their way, yet without siege equipment typically the Carthaginians could not eliminate the Roman cities. So as opposed to trying to siege the city they simple killed the Roman troops and moved on. In some cases the Romans would getaway into their city encircled by high walls so that they would not necessarily die. In 217 Hannibal won a major battle at Lake Trasimene. Hannibal`s army together with the Gauls might roam the Italian countryside and destroy any other army. In 216 he or she defeated an enormous Roman armed service at the associated with Cannae in southwestern Italy.

At Cannae the Romans loss was much greater than that regarding Hannibal suffered. The Aventure lost twenty-five thousand men and ten thousand were captured, on the other hands Hannibal only lost five thousand and seven hundred men. Hannibal, being an armed service genius, let the Romans advance at his major infantry, while his cavalry charged around the edges easily defeating two additional sets of Roman infantry. After that after destroying the two side sets of Romans the particular cavalry swept around the particular back of the major Roman attack force. Hannibal used this strategy often because it worked as a result good. Even though he or she was killing Roman military he was not wiping out any cities.

Finally, to get Hannibal out of Italy, the particular Romans sent armies brought by Scipio, a great Roman general, to attack carthage in Africa. Carthage ordered Hannibal to Cameras to protect the city associated with Carthage. This was typically the clash of the titans, Hannibal vs. Scipio. These people met at Zama, the city near Carthage. This would end up as the final battle of the Second Punic War, and the great Hannibal might be the loser. Hannibal escaped but his military didn’t. After the battle Carthage had to pay out Rome a really large amount of money and consent to terms that they could only wage war in Africa, even then they will had to have Rome’s permission. Hannibal returned to be able to Carthage and became one of the two chief magistrates in 196. He then challenged the aristocrats penalized corrupt, the aristocrats told Rome that Hannibal was planning another attack upon Rome with Antiochus 3 of Syria. Rome, currently very angered with Hannibal, deported Hannibal out associated with Carthage. So he moved to Syria and has been made a member from the Syrian court. He then remembered his father’s phrases and advised Antiochus 3 to declare war towards Rome.

Antiochus III did wage war on Rome, the Syrian War, from 192 w. c. to 189 w. c. Syria was defeated and Hannibal left to be able to become a member of the Prussian court. He then persuaded Prussia to be able to go to war against Rome. Instead of straight attacking Rome, Prussia bombarded Rome’s ally Pergamum. The italian capital arrived to the fight plus demanded that Hannibal get paid to them. As an alternative of being humiliated Hannibal took his own life in 182 b. d. Hannibal Barca, being everlasting enemies with Rome, satisfied his father’s words.

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